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If Memory Serves ~ UPDATED

Dellis                                                                               Wikimedia Commons
Nelson Dellis has won the USA Memory Championship three times, and he's trying for a fourth at the event's 18th annual competition, to be held March 29 in New York. This year's theme is "Anyone Can Do It." "Memory is a skill," explains event president and co-founder Marshall Tarley, "and like [in] any other sport, when you learn the skill and practice, your memory gets stronger, your brain works better, and you compete for the gold." Proving that point, the more than 60 competitors range in age from 12 to 60 and include a hockey player, a former car mechanic, a musician, and a surgeon. Dellis himself is a mountain climber. Here, in a piece from last year, he explains a bit about how he got involved in the field in the first place and how he does what he does (video):
   So, Dellis did it! He kept his crown. Congratulations are due, as well, to the student participants from Hershey High School for winning the Memory Team competition (also again).

The Better To Hear You With

Sharon Apted
Probably the only bizarre thing most people know about that truly unique-looking insect the praying mantis, is that the female sometimes eats the head of the male after he's ... umm ... "serviced" her. But now hear this: The praying mantis is the only creature with one ear (that we know of). And that ear is not where one would expect it to be. from

What is unique about how a praying mantis hears is that the insect detects sounds through one single ear that is located deep within its chest cavity, rather than on its head like most other creatures.
The praying mantis is the only creature that is known to hear with one ear. It was once commonly accepted that praying mantises were deaf, but scientists discovered in the 1980s that not only can the insects hear, but they can detect sounds well beyond what humans are capable of hearing. They use their high-frequency hearing to scope out and protect themselves against predators, such as bats.

Moscow: No Longer Silent

Putin, left, at the Federal Security Service, Moscow. March 26, 2015            AP
"We cannot do anything without orders from Moscow," a KGB officer is told as a Dresden crowd swirls around him weeks before the fall of the Berlin wall. "And Moscow is silent." Vladimir Putin's Moscow is making lots of political noise these days, and that, according to this article, can be traced back to the Russian leader's last days as a KGB agent in East Germany, the agent who got that response when he called headquarters for help. That was when he came to understand, first-hand, the power the people can have when they come together. "Now," says his German biographer, Boris Reitschuster, "when you have crowds in Kiev in 2004, in Moscow in 2011 or in Kiev in 2013 and 2014, I think he remembers this time in Dresden. And all these old fears come up inside him":
   What's it like to live in Moscow now? American Jeffrey Tayler, an author and contributing editor at the Atlantic who has lived there for the last 22 years, explains it all. The city has changed dramatically in the 15 years of Putin's rule, he says, and not always for the worse. "More and more, in public places once dour Muscovites smile and treat one another with a politesse that was rare a decade ago. A new generation is growing up studying English and traveling abroad. The formerly ubiquitous rude Russian salesclerk is mostly gone, with affable warmth toward customers increasingly the rule":

Lights Out

Earth Hour 2015 is Saturday, March 28, at 8:30 p.m. Started in Australia in 2007, the event draws attention to climate change and what we humans can try to do about it by asking that everyone turn out their lights for an hour. Over the years, more and more cities and organizations have taken part. This year, according to the World Wildlife Fund, which organizes the event, 7,000 cities, 1,200 landmarks, and 172 countries and territories will participate. If you happen to be in San Francisco, you might want to join Ghirardelli Square's #Go Dark Earth Hour Party, which will include a dark-chocolate tasting. Children in Dubai can enjoy "Stories by Candlelight" at the International Financial Center (story, link to finding events near you):
   the official Earth Hour 2015 video:

From China With Film

Ho got photos, slides, and 16mm film.                                           screen shot
Call it Finding Missionary China, to borrow from a wonderful documentary whose story it resembles, called Finding Vivian Maier ( It's the tale of one Joseph Ho, who, like the protagonist of the other, was in the right place at the right time. In this case, the place was San Diego's Chinese Historical Museum and the time was the moment an elderly man walked in with artifacts from pre-revolutionary China. The man's parents had been missionaries there and, as it turned out, had taken many photos of their sojourn in that country from the 1920s to the early 1950s, as had another family to whom the man introduced him. "Some of the most striking images were of American family life in China in the '30s and '40s," Ho says. What makes these pictures so unique among the many taken during that period, explains University of Michigan associate history professor Par Cassel, is that most include details of location and subject. Until now, he says, this particular aspect of Chinese history got short shrift, "seen as a branch of church history rather than Chinese history" (story, video):


March 23 is an important date for this reason: It's the birthday of that indispensable, practically international term "OK." The well-researched story of its origin begins with a popular trend, in the mid-1800s, of misspelling familiar phrases and then basing their acronyms on those misspellings. "No go," for example, was "k.g." (from "know go"). Well, on March 23, 1839, the Boston Morning Post ran a facetious article about a tongue-in-cheek group called the Anti-Bell Ringing Society. It said, in part, "The 'Chairman of the Committee of Charity Lecture Bells,' is one of the deputation, and perhaps if he should return to Boston, via Providence, he of the Journal, and his train-band, would have his 'contribution-box,' et ceteras, o.k.—all correct—and cause the corks to fly, like sparks, upward." So "o.k." stood for "oll korrect" ~ or, as it was appropriated and used in the 1840 election, for candidate Martin van Buren's nickname, Old Kinderhook:

Out-of-Water World

bathing in waste water, Jakarta, Indonesia                        Beawiharta/Reuters
garbage-filled river, Manila, Philippines                                    Noel Celis/AFP
March 22 is World Water Day. A recently released UN report predicts that, unless countries work to dramatically reduce usage, in 15 years, the world will have 60% of the water it needs. The main causes are our ever-growing population (an expected 9 billion of us by 2050) and inconsistent rainfall due to climate change. Already, according to the report, approximately 748 million people have inadequate access to clean drinking water:
   The theme for this year's World Water Day is "Water and Sustainable Development." The WWD website has ideas for how to observe the day and lots of great information about water's crucial role in health, nature, urbanization, industry, energy, food, and equality:
   Water has always been a huge issue in Los Angeles, and Southern California in general, pitting urban against rural interests ( That battle has resurfaced recently, with the drought:

A Royal Invitation

We've been hearing a lot about the plight of the butterfly, and in particular, it seems, that of the beautiful Monarch (Danaus plexippus). Anyone, but especially parents and teachers, might be interested in a new National Wildlife Federation campaign to help these lovely creatures. Joining the fun entails taking a picture of yourself making the American Sign Language sign for "butterfly" and pledging to be a Butterfly Hero. Then you'll receive a Butterfly Garden Starter Kit, with seeds, instructions, stickers, and information (website):|STBot
   Here's a Discovery video full of interesting information about the Monarch, shared by kids. The video's followed by a time-lapse video of the butterfly's life stages:

Sky's the Limit

the eclipse will delight Nanortalik, Greenland.                    from
The first day of spring, March 20, is always a special occasion on the calendar ~ BUT this year it's extra special, as it's also the day of a total solar eclipse AND a supermoon! Unfortunately, you'll have to travel to Greenland, the Faroe Islands, the Svalbard Islands, or the North Pole to catch this relatively rare celestial event in its full glory. Sky watchers in Europe, northern Africa, and northern Asia will get to see a partial eclipse. And the rest of us will have to make do with videos and photographs:

Into the Void

Alexei Leonov, March 18, 1965 Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone/Getty Images
On March 18 fifty years ago, the first human took his first step into space. Russian Alexei Leonov was out there for a little more than 12 minutes. "What remains etched in my memory," he recalled recently, "was the extraordinary silence, my heart beating, and difficulty I had breathing." But breathing was not the only problem he encountered. "After 8 minutes of free floating, I clearly felt the volume of my spacesuit change," he says now. "After calculating the amount of time in light and oxygen supply I had left, I decided to drop the pressure inside the suit ... knowing all the while that I would reach the threshold of nitrogen boiling in my blood, but I had no choice":;_ylt=A86.JySM1glVJUkApJEnnIlQ and
   Leonov's feat proved that such a thing could be done and inspired many spacewalks since, including that of Edward White, the first American to walk in space, three months later (slideshow):

The Sting

the bullet ant                                                                               © Alex Wild
Crazy as it sounds, there is a scientist out there who has taken it upon himself to categorize the pain caused by insects' stings ~ by experiencing them firsthand. The sting of the bullet ant, for example, he rates at Level 4, the most severe. "The pain is so immediate and intense," he says, "that it shuts down all illusions of life as normal." Yikes! And yet, continues Dr. Justin Schmidt, "I enjoy what I do." One would hope so. He's been doing this for more than 30 years and has been stung, mostly by accident, by more than 150 different species:

Just Because: 'Autobiography of Eve'

William Blake illustration of John Milton's Paradise Lost

North Carolina poet Ansel Elkins describes the origin of her compelling and illuminative poem: "In the summer of 2012, while following the trial of the band Pussy Riot, reading the plays of Mae West, and watching pre-Code movies filled with unrepressed seductresses like Marlene Dietrich and Clara Bow, I began writing 'Autobiography of Eve,' an ode to sex, desire, rebellion, and so-called fallen women." She worked on it until, last July, she had an epiphany: "... it occurred to me that the moment I was writing toward was not Mae West's, it was Eve's. I dismantled the poem and recast the lines dozens of different ways, playing with varieties of syntax and sound in an effort to locate the pulse of this pivotal moment between good girl and bad girl—a moment like Eve's soliloquy in Book 9 of Paradise Lost as she stands before the tree of knowledge and speaks the word freedom for the first time ... ." from Poem-a-Day:

Autobiography of Eve

Wearing nothing but snakeskin
boots, I blazed a footpath, the first
radical road out of that old kingdom
toward a new unknown.
When I came to those great flaming gates
of burning gold,
I stood alone in terror at the threshold
between Paradise and Earth.
There I heard a mysterious echo:
my own voice
singing to me from across the forbidden
side. I shook awake—
at once alive in a blaze of green fire.

Let it be known: I did not fall from grace.

I leapt
to freedom.

Civic Deed

© Stik
You have to have a special kind of mind to be good at palindromes. The kind of mind, it seems, that's also good at breaking codes, a mind like those of Alan Turing and his cohorts at Bletchley Park who broke the Nazis' Enigma code (as celebrated in the movie The Imitation Game). Their friendly palindromic rivalry came to light only decades after their more famous achievement. It all started, apparently, when one among them challenged the rest to come up with a better palindrome than "step on no pets." In response, codebreaker Peter Hilton created "sex at noon taxes," and they were off:

Light Unfolding

Erik and Petra Hesmerg
Dutch company Studio DRIFT ~ which is actually mainly Lonneke Gordijn and Ralph Nauta ~ "explores the relationship between nature, technology and mankind." One of their latest explorations involves the creation, for the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, of ceiling lights that unfold like flowers as they slowly descend nine meters toward the ground before ascending to begin again. Gordijn and Nauta describe the five silk lights as combining "nature's changing movement with advanced robot and light technology" (story, gif, video):

Lucky Charms

Come St. Patrick's Day, we are, of course, regaled with stories about Leprechauns, those snakes, and that old Blarney Stone as we down green beer at the nearest Irish pub. But there's a story we don't hear as often that is equally enchanting, and that's the one about the Irish poet and singer Thomas Moore (1779-1852) and his wife. The story goes that Moore's wife, Elizabeth (or Bessie), who had been an actress when they met, contracted small pox, a notoriously disfiguring disease. She was left so scarred that she locked herself in her room, refusing to see anyone, even her husband, for fear that he would stop loving her. To convince her of his undying love, Moore wrote the lyrics to an Irish folk song, now known by its first line, "Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms." The story goes that he sang it to her through the bedroom door (video):
   And if the opening strains sound familiar, it's because they're also the beginning of (one of my all-time favorite songs ~ that fiddle! that banjo!!) "Come On Eileen," by Dexy's Midnight Runners (video):

Oh! Couture ...

Dvora for Yahoo Style
And speaking of appearances (which we were ~ see post immediately below this one), I admit that I appreciate great fashion and style when I see it. OK, so call me shallow, but full disclosure, it almost makes me drool. Mostly, what I love is the creativity, the mixing and not-matching, the individuality and uniqueness of it all. These pictures of street style from New York, London, Milan, and Paris have all that and more in spades (slideshow):

Face Value

Wright State University
"Beauty is not in the face," poet, artist, and writer Kahlil Gibran once said, "beauty is a light in the heart." But that light, we're now learning, is reflected in the face. It seems that our faces do say a lot about us ~ more than we would like to think. Even tiny shifts in appearance are noted by others, mostly subconsciously. Face shape and tint (beyond ethnic coloring) transmit messages about health, personality, fertility. One example can be found in the work of Carmen Lefevre, Northumbria University in England. Her studies reveal, according to this article, "that people with higher levels of testosterone tend to be wider-faced with bigger cheekbones, and they are also more likely to have more assertive, and sometimes aggressive, personalities." As well, the article continues, "the amount of fat on your face ... provides a stronger indication of your fitness than more standard measures, such as your body mass index":

Nut Case

Apropos of not much but interesting nonetheless (and therefore a justifiable subject for a post!), this nut from

   The term "in a nutshell" refers to a short description, or a story told in no more words than can physically fit in the shell of a nut. But the origin of the term tests those limits with the most longwinded of tales. The ancient Roman encyclopaedist Pliny the Elder claimed that a copy of Homer's The Iliad existed that was small enough to fit inside a walnut shell. Almost 2,000 years later, in the early 1700s, the Bishop of Avranches tested Pliny's theory by writing out the epic in tiny handwriting on a walnut-sized piece of paper, and lo and behold, he did it!

   All of which, of course, begs many questions, one being, as there must have been many bishops of Avranches over time, which is the one who wrote out The Iliad?According to Fact Monster (, it was a Pierre-Daniel Huet (1630-1721 ~ which would have placed the accomplishment in question in the late, not the early, 1700s). Apparently quite the polymath, Huet translated works from and into Latin and Greek in addition to writing his own tomes. He co-founded the first provincial academy of science to receive a royal charter and directed its work for some time. According to Wikipedia, "His taste for mathematics led him to the study of astronomy. He next turned his attention to anatomy, and, being short-sighted, deovted his inquiries mainly to the question of vision and the formation of the eye. In the course of this study, he made more than 800 dissections. He then learned all that was then to be learned in chemistry, and wrote a Latin poem on salt":

Change Your Mind

the final device probably won't look like this.                                 screen shot
Coming soon to a medicine cabinet near you ~ a gadget controlled via your smartphone that, according to its inventors at the startup Thync, electrically stimulates parts of your brain to either energize or help you calm down. The writer of this piece tried it out. "There's no question that I feel a significant change from the calm vibe," he says, "but could that be a placebo effect? I wonder if it works on everyone, and if it works the way Thync says it does." So he sets about finding out (story, video):

What Goes Around

This year, Pi Day is not just any Pi Day. That's because, while the month and day, 3/14, are cause for celebration and veneration any other year, this time the year itself is getting into the act, thus: 3/14/15. And if you add a specific time into the mix, 3/14/15 9:27 or, better yet, 9:26:53 (a.m. or p.m.), well, it just doesn't get any better than that, does it? So, celebrate the number that helped build the world as we know it. You won't get another chance to do it this way for another hundred years (story, quiz): and
   Such a once-in-a-lifetime occasion calls for ... you got it ... "Mathematical Pi" (aka "The Pi Song")! (video):

There But Not There

from the 100 Days of Solitude series                                                                        Nidaa Badwan
The first line of Leo Tolstoy's classic Anna Karenina is "Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way." To the extent that that's true, the same can be said for individuals. There is, for example, the unhappiness that comes from within, which is quite different from that which assails us from situational, or life, circumstances. And regardless of the source, people have different ways of coping. Nidaa Badwan is 27 and lives in Gaza. Her way of coping, at least for the last year and a half, has been to stay in her room and create art. And that has made her room very colorful and has led her to completing a project called 100 Days of Solitude, consisting of 14 self-portraits. "You can say now there is another life for me," she says. "I feel I'm not living here. The project made new windows for me":

The Devil and the Deep Blue Sea

Atlantic bluefin tuna                            © Wild Wonders of Europe/Zankl/WWF
To eat tuna, or not to eat tuna? It's a quintessential dilemma of our times. First we heard it is high in omega-3s and other anti-inflammatories. That's good. Let's eat more. Then we learned that it also has unacceptably high levels of mercury, especially the yellowfin (ahi), and that that level has been rising quickly. Not so good. Stop eating it. Now, it seems that it also has a form of selenium that mitigates mercury's dangerous effects. This antioxidant protects the fish and could protect us, as well:
   As far as canned tuna is concerned, however, mercury is just one of the concerns. For more than three decades, cans have been lined with something called BPA, or bisphenol A. (FYI, it's also in credit card and ATM receipts, among other things.) According to the Mayo Clinic, "Some research has shown that BPA can seep into food or beverages from containers that are made with BPA. Exposure to BPA is a concern because of possible health effects of BPA on the brain, behavior and prostate gland of fetuses, infants and children." Some companies are switching to alternative linings, but of those, only a couple will release information about what, exactly, they're using:
   And here's the information that started this whole post: a list of canned tunas ranked according to the sustainability of the company's fishing practices, the company's ethics, and its fair trade practices (interactive infographic):

The Song of the Matryoshkas

screen shot
What happens when you put 167 single-oscillator theremins inside 167 matryoshka dolls and give them to 167 musicians? Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, that's what (story, videos):
   And if you're now intrigued enough to want to learn more about this instrument when it's not inside a nesting doll, well, here's an old post about it:

Building the Future

innovation vs. symbol                                screen shot from Kushner's TED talk
"You don't have to copy the past to complement the past," insists architect Marc Kushner, from whose book The Future of Architecture in 100 Buildings the 10 photos in this piece are drawn. And then he proves it. This is such an exciting time for the field. New materials and technology are allowing architects to play with forms and functions like never before, and imagination can run wild in the service of sustainability and community, as these photos demonstrate (slideshow, videos):
   In this video of his TED talk, Kushner explains how buildings change us ~ and how our reactions to the architecture around us will change the way buildings are designed. It's kind of like the way Yelp influences how some businesses operate:

Opportunity, Spirit, and Enthusiasm

screen shot
Enthusiasm is contagious, and there's nothing quite like the enthusiasm of a science geek. So here's an opportunity to get excited about Mars and its rovers. JPL engineer Kobie Boykins takes us practically step by amazing step from the liftoff of the Delta II rocket to the rover's bouncing, balloon-insulated landing to its unfolding of its solar arrays. "Well done!" he marvels as he watches the video along with his audience. "I must have seen this a thousand times. It doesn't matter how many times I see it, I get very excited when it works. My team and I were the team that designed that." Next, he takes us on a voyage of discovery with the rover, by which point you'll probably be considering a second career as a mechanical engineer at NASA (video):
   Opportunity, despite its somewhat arthritic robotic arm, has found some interesting rocks. "We checked one and found its composition is different from any ever measured before on Mars. So, whoa!" says Opportunity Project Scientist Matt Golombek (which means "little dove" in Polish, btw!):;_ylt=AwrT6V6MhP9U8o8A7V4nnIlQ

All Things Bright and Sparkly

In honor of Rio de Janeiro's famous Carnival, which, believe it or not, is once again upon us (March 13-17:, an illustrated history of the sequin. Who knew it all started centuries ago, with currency? And that it was rediscovered with the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb in 1922 ~ just in time for the glitter and glam of the Jazz Age (aka the Roaring Twenties)?:

Swim for the Win

This spring look toward the Pacific, where a pretty amazing journey is scheduled to begin in April (or May or July, depending on your news source). French swimmer Ben (Benoit) Lecomte will attempt to swim from Tokyo (yes, Japan) to San Francisco (yes, California). And no, it won’t be all at once ~ that would be ridiculous. He’s going to do it in stages, using a GPS to mark where he gets out of the water to rest, etc., and returning to that spot to continue. Still, it won’t be a cakewalk: Lecomte will be in the water at least eight hours a day for five months (and yes, he’ll be wearing a sonar device to keep the sharks away) ~ also ridiculous but maybe a bit more realistic. Apparently, he kind of knows what he’s in for, because in 1998, he swam from Massachusetts to France (this is just a summary of the magazine's story, as it's in the current issue):
   Probably the first danger one thinks of on hearing of Lecomte's plan is sharks. But there are other perils out there, too:

Chez Jesus

 the house in question stands between two graves.          © Israel Sun/REX
A group of archaeologists think they may have found the house where Jesus grew up. The limestone and stone-and-mortar structure has actually been more or less in the public eye for centuries and was believed by many to be Jesus’s house, but it wasn’t until recently that it was determined that it actually dates back to the 1st century CE. The house is in Nazareth, Israel, long believed to be where Jesus lived. It survived the centuries because both the Byzantines, who occupied the area until the 7th century, and the Crusaders, who showed up in the 12th, took care to protect it, and then it lay hidden until it was discovered in the 1880s by the nuns of the Sisters of Nazareth convent:
   photos of the site and area:

So Many Interesting Words

The word "boring" is, in itself, rather boring ~ hackneyed, if you will. Also less than polite. And yet, there are still, unfortunately, occasions on which it, or something like it, is necessary. When describing your neighbor's endless health reports, for example, or (according to at least three top-ten lists) The English Patient and Titanic. Here are five scintillating synonyms that can easily take its place:

Thinking Inside the Box

the media finally caught up with Spiers                                            E.D. Lacey
Climate change, ISIS, pesticides, racism. Sometimes, it's good to focus on the lighter side of human accomplishments, like how a guy mailed himself halfway around the world in 1964. When Australian javelin thrower Reg Spiers's wallet was stolen in London, he couldn't buy his plane ticket home. Remember, this was in the '60s. So, what's a guy to do? What this guy did, with the help of a friend, was get in a crate addressed to a fictitious shoe company in Australia. "I worked in the export cargo section," he recalls, "so I knew about cash-on-delivery with freight. I'd seen animals come through all the time and I thought, 'If they can do it I can do it.'" Interestingly, his adventures didn't stop there and include a death sentence in Sri Lanka (which he successfully fought):

A Rare Bug

Jim Craigmyle/Corbis
No one wants to get the flu, and a new study suggests that, while kids get it about once every other year, adults don't really succumb to it that often ~ approximately twice every 10 years, in fact. It seems that this is a result of immunities built up over the childhood years. According to this article, "The immune system responds to flu viruses by producing antibodies that specifically target proteins on the virus surface. These proteins can change as the virus evolves, but we keep antibodies in the blood that have a memory for strains we've encountered before." Mostly, when those of us over the age of 30 think we have a flu, what's really making us miserable is a common cold:

It Came Up From the Swamp

Singapore in the 1950s
Singapore is a city-state that values its cleanliness. No gum, no smoking in public, no spitting, of course no littering, and heaven forbid that you forget to flush the toilet in a public lavatory. Its population is among the world's wealthiest. But it wasn't always like that. Before Singapore became an independent state, 50 years ago this year, "It was a hard life," recalls Manjit Kaur, whose niece is the author of this first-person piece looking at Singapore's history. "There was no water, no healthy water. We lived a simple life, our neighbours were simple. We looked after each other and we had the same goal—to survive." At that time, most of the population lived in wooden shacks, still others in slums. Many had never seen a flush toilet or clean water from a tap. Then along came independence, and with it a nation-building campaign and the Housing Development Board:

Kitten Kindness

New Hope Animal Rescue
We're getting to that time of year when flowers bloom and animals give birth. It was one late spring, in fact, that we ended up with an extraordinary kitten we found at the bottom of a faux pillar (long story). He was so tiny, he fit in the palm of my hand. Of course, we named him Lucky. We fed him from a bottle and he not only survived but lived a long (if not uneventful ~ another long story) life. But not all baby animals are so fortunate. Here are some pointers about what to do should you find stray kittens (story with some very useful links):
Also, if you find a very young kitten (I'm not sure the age at which this is no longer true), you should know this: They cannot poop or pee on their own. Their mother stimulates this reflex by licking the area under their tails, from the front back. The best way to simulate this is with a warm damp washcloth or other soft cloth (that you don't mind getting dirty and having to wash every time!). Be aware that, like human babies, as long as a kitten's on a liquid diet, its poops will reflect that fact. Trust me on this. I know from experience.


presumably, Daphne's body has more or less the same makeup
Biology class was so very long ago, wasn't it? from

Atoms are mostly empty space. In fact, if all of the space from the body’s atoms were eliminated, the leftover result would be so tiny, the body could fit into an opening that is less than 1/500th of a centimeter -- or the point of a pin. Although atoms are small and comprised of empty space, they are numerous; the average adult human body is estimated to contain 7 octillion (or 7 followed by 27 zeros) individual atoms. Each atom is believed to contain material that was created billions of years ago. For instance, hydrogen is thought to be nearly 14 billion years old, and oxygen was thought to be created about 12 billion years ago.

More about the structure of the human body:
  • The human body is thought to contain 10 times more bacterial cells than actual cells that form the body.

  • 60% of the human body is comprised of water, which contains hydrogen and oxygen molecules.

  • Although the brain makes up just 2% of the total human body, it requires at least 20% of the body’s entire oxygen supply.